Grub Trouble Shooting

Update Grub Menu for dual OS boot

Change BIOS * Start your PC by pressing a pressing a special function key (usually F12, F10 or F2 depending on the vendor specifications). * Some PC’s BIOS has BOOT tab option, open the BOOT tab, you will find the OS Boot Manager. It is the simplest way to fix the issue. If your PC’s BIOS has no such setting feature, you need to check the next section.

Change the Windows Boot Manager * Login windows with common prompt * Restart windows, meanwhile press shift key * In the options page, choose change to other options * Troubleshooting * Command Prompt * Login in Windows with Common prompt * Use BCDEdit to change windows boot manager. Change to boot ubuntu at first

REM backup
bcdedit /enum > X:\Users\public\documents\bcdedit.txt
REM change the bootmgr 
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi
  • After you reboot system, you will see the Grub 2 menu as follow.

                             GNU GRUB version 2.0
    | Ubuntu 
    | Advanced options for Unbuntu
    | Windows Boot Manager ( on /dev/sda2 )
    | Fedora 20
    | Advanced options for Fedora 20
    | OpenSuse 
    | Advanced options for OpenSuse
    | ....

Boot from Grub command promp

  • Use to navigate to grub command promp from Grub menu

  • List all available dirves by typing ls. After that, you willl see a couple drives. If you have multiple hard drive, USB or SD Card pluged in.

    (hd0) (hd0,gpt4) (hd0, gpt3) (hd0,gpt2) (hd0, gpt1)  (hd1) (hd1,msdos2)(hd1, msdos2)(hd2)
    ## Get more detail of drives
    ls -l
  • From the above detail information, you might find the hard drive of your PC. Continue to use ls to locate the actual boot file to confirm the drive contains the boot file.

    ## Assume the (hd0,gpt2) contains the linux kernal boot file. 
    ls -a (hd0,gpt2)/
  • Set root drive

    set root=(hd0,gpt2)
    linux (hd0,gpt2)/boot/vmlinuz-linux-4.4.x-xxx-generic
    initrd (hd0,gpt2)/boot/initrd.img-linux-4.4.x-xxx-generic